Battery Technology

The Battery Technology Department performs research and development on materials, cells and modules level. We work with various partners along the entire value chain to support the development and deployment of the new and emerging battery technologies in Europe.

The primary focus areas for the department are battery materials and analysis of lifetime and degradation of commercial batteries.

Battery materials – active materials and electrolytes are the priority topics for the modern battery research. Specifically, for the last ten years IFE has been focused on the development of anode materials for Li-ion and Na-ion batteries, including silicon-based and carbon-based materials. This development led to the discovery of amorphous substoichiometric silicon nitride – a promising material for the future Li-ion batteries.

The Battery Technology Department is also involved in research of solid-state batteries – the next promising area where IFE’s research is focused on interfaces of materials.

The analysis of the commercial batteries is another focus area for the department. Batteries are a very complex electrochemical systems with many reactions occurring in parallel during the battery operation and even storage. Understanding of these processes is key for prediction of batteries lifetime. In close collaboration with various industry partners, we analyze new commercial batteries to better understand use patterns and ageing of the batteries.

Battery technology is an extremely exciting and rapidly growing area. The combination of multidisciplinary expertise, unique infrastructure and state-of-the-art facilities allows IFE to stay at the forefront of the battery technology, while attracting industrial and academic partners throughout the battery value chain.

IFE is proud to be a supporting organization for Battery 2030+ initiative.

Highlighted National Projects

SEAMLESS – Researcher project aiming to build a platform for materials’ discovery for the batteries of the future by creating a library of silicon-based nanomaterials for the next generation of Li-ion batteries (LIBs).

BATMAN – Norwegian Research Council funded project with Glencore, Elkem, Hydro, Fiven, Agder Energi, NTNU, University of Agder, Transport economical institute and Eyde Cluster, defining the demand for raw materials for the battery value chain, enabling reuse and recycling.

SILICAP – Project funded by Regional Research Fund Vestlandet together with Beyonder to develop hybrid battery technology

SAGA – Innovation project for the industrial sector in collaboration with ELKEM and SINTEF aiming to modify the surface of artificial graphite for commercial applications in Li-Ion batteries

Silicon on the Road – How to make silicon-based anodes for Li-ion batteries

Highlighted European Projects

CoFBAT – H2020 project strengthening the EU competitiveness in advanced materials and related battery value chain by developing a cobalt-free solutions and safe polymer electrolytes.

E-LAND – H2020 project about novel solutions for carbonized energy islands

Hydrogen4Mobility – H2020 MSCA RISE project, addressing critical issues towards a commercial implementation of hydrogen powered utility vehicles

Portable Energy Supply – NATO Emerging Security Challenges Division project, development of hydrogen fuelled portable energy systems

Publications

LiB-lifetime

LiB-thermal

Lian, T.; Vie, P. J. S.; Gilljam, M., et al., Changes in Thermal Stability of Cyclic Aged Commercial Lithium-Ion Cells. ECS Transactions 2019, 89 (1), 73-81. https://doi.org/10.1149/08901.0073ecst

Richter, F.; Kjelstrup, S.; Vie, P. J. S., et al., Thermal Conductivity and Internal Temperature Profiles of Li-Ion Secondary Batteries. Journal of Power Sources 2017, 359, 592-600. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.05.045

LiB-modelling

Si anodes – advanced characterization

Lai, S. Y.; Knudsen, K. D.; Sejersted, B. T., et al., Silicon Nanoparticle Ensembles for Lithium-Ion Batteries Elucidated by Small-Angle Neutron Scattering. ACS Applied Energy Materials 2019, 2 (5), 3220-3227. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.9b00071 

Si anodes – industrial

Andersen, H. F.; Foss, C. E. L.; Voje, J., et al., Silicon-Carbon Composite Anodes from Industrial Battery Grade Silicon. Scientific Reports 2019, 9 (1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-51324-4

Si anodes – nano

TBD

Si anodes – nitrides

Ulvestad, A.; Mæhlen, J. P.; Kirkengen, M., Silicon Nitride as Anode Material for Li-Ion Batteries: Understanding the Sinx Conversion Reaction. Journal of Power Sources 2018, 399, 414-421. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2018.07.109

Ulvestad, A.; Andersen, H. F.; Jensen, I. J. T., et al., Substoichiometric Silicon Nitride – an Anode Material for Li-Ion Batteries Promising High Stability and High Capacity. Scientific Reports 2018, 8 (1), 8634. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-26769-8

LIB Anodes

Prado, F. d.; Andersen, H. F.; Taeño, M., et al., Comparative Study of the Implementation of Tin and Titanium Oxide Nanoparticles as Electrodes Materials in Li-Ion Batteries. Scientific Reports 2020, 10 (1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-62505-x

Si-production

Wyller, G. M.; Preston, T. J.; Anjitha, S. G., et al., Combination of a Millimeter Scale Reactor and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry for Mapping Higher Order Silane Formation During Monosilane Pyrolysis. Journal of Crystal Growth 2020, 530. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2019.125305

Andersen, H. F.; Filtvedt, W.; Maehlen, J. P., et al., Production of Silicon Particles for High-Capacity Anode Material Yielding Outstanding Production Capacity. ECS Transactions 2014, 62 (1), 97-105. https://doi.org/10.1149/06201.0097ecst

Li-MH batteries

S. Nazer, V.A. Yartys, T. Azib, M. Latroche, F. Cuevas, S. Forseth, P.J.S. Vie, R.V. Denys, M.H. Sørby, B.C. Hauback, L. Arnberg and P.F.Henry. In Operando  Neutron diffraction study of a Commercial Graphite / (Ni, Mn, Co) Oxides-Based Multicomponent Lithium Ion Battery.// J. Power Sources,  326 (2016) 93-103. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.06.105.

El Kharbachi,  O. Zavorotynska,  M. Latroche,  F. Cuevas,  V. Yartys,   M. Fichtner. Exploits, advances and challenges benefiting beyond Li-ion battery  Technologies.//    J. Alloys and Compounds, 817 (2020) 153261. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2019.153261.

Solid-state electrolytes

El Kharbachi, A.; Wind, J.; Ruud, A., et al., Pseudo-Ternary Libh4.Licl.P2s5 System as Structurally Disordered Bulk Electrolyte for All-Solid-State Lithium Batteries. Phys Chem Chem Phys 2020. https://doi.org/10.1039/d0cp01334j

Ni-MH batteries

Yartys , D. Noreus and M. Latroche.  Metal hydrides as negative electrode for Ni-MH   batteries.// Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing.  122(1), 43, pp.1-11. 2016. 10.1007/s00339-015-9538-9

Wijayanti, R. V. Denys, Suwarno, A. A. Volodin, M.V. Lototsky, M. N. Guzik, J. Nei, K. Young, V. Yartys. Hydrides of Laves type Ti-Zr alloys with enhanced  H  storage capacity as advanced metal hydride battery anodes.// J. Alloys and Compounds, 828 (2020) 154354 (2020).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2020.154354

Hydrogen storage

Michael Hirscher, Volodymyr A. Yartys , et al. Materials for hydrogen based energy storage – past, recent progress and future outlook.// J. Alloys and Compounds, 827 (2020) 153548.. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2019.153548

V.A. Yartys, M.V. Lototskyy, et al. Magnesium  Based  Materials For Hydrogen Based Energy Storage: Past, Present And Future.// International Journal of Hydrogen Energy,  44 (15) (2019) 7809-7859. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.12.212.

Important reviews

Hirscher, M.; Yartys, V. A.; Baricco, M., et al., Materials for Hydrogen-Based Energy Storage – Past, Recent Progress and Future Outlook. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 2020, 827. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2019.153548

El Kharbachi, A.; Zavorotynska, O.; Latroche, M., et al., Exploits, Advances and Challenges Benefiting Beyond Li-Ion Battery Technologies. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 2020, 817. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2019.153261

Our people

Hanne Flåten Andersen, Department Head

Embla Tharaldsen Bø, PhD student

Carl Erik Lie Foss, Scientist

Anjitha Sarachandra Kumar Geetha, PhD student

Hallgeir Klette, Senior Engineer

Alexey Koposov, Group Leader Materials Development

Samson Yuxiu Lai, Scientist

Jan Petter Mæhlen, Group Leader Battery Technology

Marius Uv Nagell, Engineer

Tine Uberg Nærland, Acting Head of Department

Solveig Olstad, Department Coordinator

Marte Orderud Skare, PhD student

Anders Steinsland, Engineer

Asbjørn Ulvestad, Scientist

Preben Joakim Svela Vie, Scientist

Julia Wind, Scientist

Volodymyr Yartis, Scientist

Contact

+47 990 40 508

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