Battery Technology

The Battery Technology Department performs research and development on materials, cells and modules level. We work with various partners along the entire value chain to support the development and deployment of the new and emerging battery technologies in Europe.

The primary focus areas for the department are battery materials and analysis of lifetime and degradation of commercial batteries.

Battery materials – active materials and electrolytes are the priority topics for the modern battery research. Specifically, for the last ten years IFE has been focused on the development of anode materials for Li-ion and Na-ion batteries, including silicon-based and carbon-based materials. This development led to the discovery of amorphous substoichiometric silicon nitride – a promising material for the future Li-ion batteries.

The Battery Technology Department is also involved in research of solid-state batteries – the next promising area where IFE’s research is focused on interfaces of materials.

The analysis of the commercial batteries is another focus area for the department. Batteries are a very complex electrochemical systems with many reactions occurring in parallel during the battery operation and even storage. Understanding of these processes is key for prediction of batteries lifetime. In close collaboration with various industry partners, we analyze new commercial batteries to better understand use patterns and ageing of the batteries.

Battery technology is an extremely exciting and rapidly growing area. The combination of multidisciplinary expertise, unique infrastructure and state-of-the-art facilities allows IFE to stay at the forefront of the battery technology, while attracting industrial and academic partners throughout the battery value chain.

IFE is proud to be a supporting organization for Battery 2030+ initiative.

Highlighted National Projects

SEAMLESS – Researcher project aiming to build a platform for materials’ discovery for the batteries of the future by creating a library of silicon-based nanomaterials for the next generation of Li-ion batteries (LIBs).

BATMAN – Norwegian Research Council funded project with Glencore, Elkem, Hydro, Fiven, Agder Energi, NTNU, University of Agder, Transport economical institute and Eyde Cluster, defining the demand for raw materials for the battery value chain, enabling reuse and recycling.

SILICAP – Project funded by Regional Research Fund Vestlandet together with Beyonder to develop hybrid battery technology

SAGA – Innovation project for the industrial sector in collaboration with ELKEM and SINTEF aiming to modify the surface of artificial graphite for commercial applications in Li-Ion batteries

Silicon on the Road – How to make silicon-based anodes for Li-ion batteries

Highlighted European Projects

CoFBAT – H2020 project strengthening the EU competitiveness in advanced materials and related battery value chain by developing a cobalt-free solutions and safe polymer electrolytes.

E-LAND – H2020 project about novel solutions for carbonized energy islands

Hydrogen4Mobility – H2020 MSCA RISE project, addressing critical issues towards a commercial implementation of hydrogen powered utility vehicles

Portable Energy Supply – NATO Emerging Security Challenges Division project, development of hydrogen fuelled portable energy systems


Highlighted publications 


Hasa, I.; Mariyappan, S.; Saurel, D.; Adelhelm, P.; Koposov, A. Y.; Masquelier, C.; Croguennec, L.; Casas-Cabanas, M.: Challenges of today for Na-based batteries of the future: From materials to cell metrics. Journal of Power Sources 2021482, 228872. 

Hirscher, M.; Yartys, V. A.; Baricco, M.; Bellosta von Colbe, J.; Blanchard, D.; Bowman, R. C.; Broom, D. P.; Buckley, C. E.; Chang, F.; Chen, P.; Cho, Y. W.; Crivello, J.-C.; Cuevas, F.; David, W. I. F.; de Jongh, P. E.; Denys, R. V.; Dornheim, M.; Felderhoff, M.; Filinchuk, Y.; Froudakis, G. E.; Grant, D. M.; Gray, E. M.; Hauback, B. C.; He, T.; Humphries, T. D.; Jensen, T. R.; Kim, S.; Kojima, Y.; Latroche, M.; Li, H.-W.; Lototskyy, M. V.; Makepeace, J. W.; Møller, K. T.; Naheed, L.; Ngene, P.; Noréus, D.; Nygård, M. M.; Orimo, S.-i.; Paskevicius, M.; Pasquini, L.; Ravnsbæk, D. B.; Veronica Sofianos, M.; Udovic, T. J.; Vegge, T.; Walker, G. S.; Webb, C. J.; Weidenthaler, C.; Zlotea, C.: Materials for hydrogen-based energy storage – past, recent progress and future outlook. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 2020827, 153548.  

El Kharbachi, A.; Zavorotynska, O.; Latroche, M.; Cuevas, F.; Yartys, V.; Fichtner, M.: Exploits, advances and challenges benefiting beyond Li-ion battery technologies. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 2020817, 153261.  

Anodes for Li-ion batteries 

Prado, F. d.; Andersen, H. F.; Taeño, M.; Mæhlen, J. P.; Ramírez-Castellanos, J.; Maestre, D.; Karazhanov, S.; Cremades, A.: Comparative study of the implementation of tin and titanium oxide nanoparticles as electrodes materials in Li-ion batteries. Scientific Reports 202010 (1), 5503. 

Si-based anodes: advanced characterization 

Lai, S. Y.; Knudsen, K. D.; Sejersted, B. T.. Ulvestad, A.; Mæhlen, J. P.; Koposov, A. Y.: Silicon nanoparticle ensembles for lithium-ion batteries elucidated by small-angle neutron scattering. ACS Applied Energy Materials 20192 (5), 3220-3227. 

Anodes for Li-ion batteries from industrial Si 

Foss, C. E. L.; Müssig, S.; Svensson, A. M.; Vie, P. J. S.; Ulvestad, A.; Mæhlen, J. P.; Koposov, A. Y.: Anodes for Li-ion batteries prepared from microcrystalline silicon and enabled by binder’s chemistry and pseudo-self-healing. Scientific Reports 202010 (1), 13193. 

Andersen, H. F.; Foss, C. E. L.; Voje, J.; Tronstad, R.; Mokkelbost, T.; Vullum, P. E.; Ulvestad, A.; Kirkengen, M.; Mæhlen, J. P.: Silicon-carbon composite anodes from industrial battery grade silicon. Scientific Reports 20199 (1), 14814. 

Silicon nitrides 

Ulvestad, A.; Mæhlen, J. P.; Kirkengen, M.: Silicon nitride as anode material for Li-ion batteries: Understanding the SiNx conversion reactionJournal of Power Sources 2018399, 414-421. 

Ulvestad, A.; Andersen, H. F.; Jensen, I. J. T.; Mongstad, T. T.; Maehlen, J. P.; Prytz, O.; Kirkengen, M.: Substoichiometric silicon nitride – An anode material for Li-ion batteries promising high stability and high capacity. Scientific Reports 20188 (1), 8634.  

Si-nanoparticles: synthesis 

Wyller, G. M.; Preston, T. J.; Anjitha, S. G.; Skare, M. O.; Marstein, E. S.: Combination of a millimeter scale reactor and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for mapping higher order silane formation during monosilane pyrolysis. Journal of Crystal Growth 2020530, 125305.  

Andersen, H. F.; Filtvedt, W.; Maehlen, J. P.; Mongstad, T. T.; Kirkengen, M.; Holt, A.: Production of silicon particles for high-capacity anode material yielding outstanding production capacity. ECS Transactions 201462 (1), 97-105.  

Solid-state electrolytes 

El Kharbachi, A.; Wind, J.; Ruud, A.; Hogset, A. B.; Nygard, M. M.; Zhang, J.; Sorby, M. H.; Kim, S.; Cuevas, F.; Orimo, S. I.; Fichtner, M.; Latroche, M.; Fjellvag, H.; Hauback, B. C.: Pseudo-ternary LiBH4·LiCl·P2S5 system as structurally disordered bulk electrolyte for all-solid-state lithium batteries. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 20202213872-13879  

Stability and characterization of Li-ion batteries 

Lian, T.; Vie, P. J. S.; Gilljam, M.; Forseth, S.: Changes in thermal stability of cyclic aged commercial lithium-ion cells. ECS Transactions 201989 (1), 73-81. 

Richter, F.; Kjelstrup, S.; Vie, P. J. S.; Burheim, O. S.: Thermal conductivity and internal temperature profiles of Li-ion secondary batteries. Journal of Power Sources 2017359, 592-600. 


Vatani, M.; Szerepko, M.; Vie, P. J. S.: State of health prediction of Li-ion batteries using incremental capacity analysis and support vector regression. IEEE Milan PowerTech 2019, 1 – 6. 

Na batteries 

Hasa, I.; Mariyappan, S.; Saurel, D.; Adelhelm, P.; Koposov, A. Y.; Masquelier, C.; Croguennec, L.; Casas-Cabanas, M.: Challenges of today for Na-based batteries of the future: From materials to cell metrics. Journal of Power Sources 2021482, 228872.  

Li-MH batteries 

El Kharbachi, A.; Zavorotynska, O.; Latroche, M.; Cuevas, F.; Yartys, V.; Fichtner, M.: Exploits, advances and challenges benefiting beyond Li-ion battery technologies. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 2020817, 153261.  

Nazer, N. S.; Yartys, V. A.; Azib, T.; Latroche, M.; Cuevas, F.; Forseth, S.; Vie, P. J. S.; Denys, R. V.; Sørby, M. H.; Hauback, B. C.; Arnberg, L.; Henry, P. F.: In operando neutron diffraction study of a commercial graphite/(Ni, Mn, Co) oxide-based multi-component lithium ion battery. Journal of Power Sources 2016326, 93-103.  

Ni-MH batteries 

Yartys, V.; Noreus, D.; Latroche, M.: Metal hydrides as negative electrode materials for Ni–MH batteries. Applied Physics A 2016122 (1), 43.  

Wijayanti, I. D.; Denys, R.; Suwarno; Volodin, A. A.; Lototskyy, M. V.; Guzik, M. N.; Nei, J.; Young, K.; Roven, H. J.; Yartys, V.: Hydrides of Laves type Ti–Zr alloys with enhanced H storage capacity as advanced metal hydride battery anodes. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 2020828, 154354.  

Hydrogen storage 

Yartys, V. A.; Lototskyy, M. V.; Akiba, E.; Albert, R.; Antonov, V. E.; Ares, J. R.; Baricco, M.; Bourgeois, N.; Buckley, C. E.; Bellosta von Colbe, J. M.; Crivello, J. C.; Cuevas, F.; Denys, R. V.; Dornheim, M.; Felderhoff, M.; Grant, D. M.; Hauback, B. C.; Humphries, T. D.; Jacob, I.; Jensen, T. R.; de Jongh, P. E.; Joubert, J. M.; Kuzovnikov, M. A.; Latroche, M.; Paskevicius, M.; Pasquini, L.; Popilevsky, L.; Skripnyuk, V. M.; Rabkin, E.; Sofianos, M. V.; Stuart, A.; Walker, G.; Wang, H.; Webb, C. J.; Zhu, M.: Magnesium based materials for hydrogen based energy storage: Past, present and future. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 201944 (15), 7809-7859.  



Our people

Hanne Flåten Andersen, Department Head

Embla Tharaldsen Bø, PhD student

Carl Erik Lie Foss, Scientist

Anjitha Sarachandra Kumar Geetha, PhD student

Hallgeir Klette, Senior Engineer

Alexey Koposov, Group Leader Materials Development

Samson Yuxiu Lai, Scientist

Jan Petter Mæhlen, Group Leader Battery Technology

Marius Uv Nagell, Engineer

Tine Uberg Nærland, Acting Head of Department

Solveig Olstad, Department Coordinator

Marte Orderud Skare, PhD student

Anders Steinsland, Engineer

Asbjørn Ulvestad, Scientist

Preben Joakim Svela Vie, Scientist

Julia Wind, Scientist

Volodymyr Yartis, Scientist


+47 990 40 508

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