OECD NEA Halden HTO Project

The OECD NEA Halden HTO Project is an international collaboration project on Human-Technology-Organization (HTO) started in 2021.

There are twenty participating organizations from twelve countries: USA, Canada, Japan, Korea, China, United Arab Emirates, Sweden, Germany, France, The Netherlands, UK and Norway.

The main purpose is to improve the safety of the nuclear industry through international collaborative research. The collaboration is under the auspices of OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) in Paris and the funding is provided by the member organisations. The size of the project is 150 million NOK over three years (2021-2023).

Humans, Technology, and Organization

The HTO research program utilizes a set of modern simulator labs in Halden, and the research topics are Human Performance, Digital I&C – Safety assurance, Control Room Design & Evaluation, Human-Automation Collaboration, Digital Systems for Operations and Maintenance, Digital Transformation of Decommissioning, and Cyber Security for Main Control Rooms.

The project has launched a logo, humans and the organization embracing technology, symbolizing not only the embracing of new technology, but also the safety aspect of people and organization taking care of the safety of challenging technology. This view of digitalization is important for all fields in the society, and the research is more relevant for the new digitalized era as ever. Halden is in the forefront of knowledge about digitalization and how to manage the new technology, from a human-oriented viewpoint.

From HRP to Halden HTO

The research project is a direct continuation of the HTO part (earlier called MTO) of the Halden Reactor Project. This was established in 1958 and has been running as Norway’s by far largest international research project since then, with more than 100 organizations world-wide involved, and exporting research for more than 10 billion NOK. There has been up to 20 member countries at the same time. In addition to MTO, research was conducted on safety of fuels and materials in the Halden.  Reactor. The Halden Reactor was shut down in 2018.

1. Human Performance

1.1 Operator Performance in Digital Control Rooms

1.2 Crew Factors, Teamwork and Role Independence in Control Rooms

1.3 Decision Making under Uncertainty

1.4 Event investigations: The Added Perspective of Successes

1.5 The Human Performance Data repository

2. Digital I&C – Safety assurance

2.1 Risk-informed Safety Assurance

2.2 Evidence Collection, Evaluation and Combination for Safety Assurance

3. Control Room Design & Evaluation

3.1 Lessons Learned on Control Room Validation

3.2 Impact of Overview Displays on Human Performance

3.3 Augmented Reality for On-Site Control Room Assessment of Ergonomic and Regulatory Compliance

4. Human-Automation Collaboration

4.1 Human Performance in Operation of Small Modular Reactors

4.2 Operator Performance in Highly Automated Plants

4.3 Effects of Adaptive Automation on Operator Performance in Future Plants

5. Digital Systems for Operations and Maintenance

5.1 Advanced Condition-based Maintenance using Digital Twins

5.2 Advanced Condition Monitoring for Decision Support

5.3 Safety Awareness in Outage Organisations

6. Digital Transformation of Decommissioning

6.1 Spatial Computing and Augmented Reality for Hazard Mapping and Visualisation

6.2 Automated Assessment of Field worker Performance using VR- and AR-based Simulator Training

6.3 Enabling Robotic and Remote Operations

7. Cyber Security for Main Control Rooms

7.1 Digital Systems Architecture and Cyber Threat Landscape

7.2 Cyber Incident Detection and Response using Simulation Modelling and Tools

7.3 Human Behavior During Cyber Incident Response

The HTO Laboratories


Andreas Bye
Chief Scientist